Објаснување на македонски јазик граматика

I cracked open my Macedonian 101 language learning book the other day to refresh myself. I made some notes about grammar if anyone is learning Macedonian and perhaps interested.

Macedonian is a South Slavic language spoken mainly in North Macedonia. It is closely related to Bulgarian and Serbian and is written using the Cyrillic alphabet.

Here is a brief overview of the grammar of Macedonian:


  • Macedonian nouns have three grammatical genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter.
  • Nouns are declined according to number (singular and plural) and case (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, vocative, and instrumental).
  • There are seven noun declensions in Macedonian, which are determined by the noun’s ending and the gender of the noun.


  • Macedonian has personal, possessive, reflexive, and demonstrative pronouns.
  • Pronouns are declined according to number, person, and case.


  • Macedonian verbs are conjugated according to tense, mood, and aspect.
  • There are three tenses in Macedonian: present, past, and future.
  • There are two primary moods in Macedonian: indicative and subjunctive.
  • There are two aspects in Macedonian: perfective and imperfective.


  • Macedonian adjectives are declined according to number, gender, and case.
  • Adjectives agree with the noun they modify in gender, number, and case.


  • Macedonian prepositions show the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence.
  • Prepositions are followed by a noun or pronoun in the accusative or dative case.

This is just a brief overview of Macedonian grammar. There are many more complexities and nuances to the language, and it is always a good idea to study with a tutor or take a class to learn a language properly.


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